Sharing Scientific article

The Glasgow Climate Conference (COP26)

Mitchell Lennan and Elisa Morgera

One Ocean Hub, University of Strathclyde, UK

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  • COP26,
  • Glasgow Climate Pact,
  • ocean-climate nexus
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  • Researchers,
  • Students
  • English
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There is an urgent need to address how climate change impacts the ocean's health and, in turn, affects human rights.

Published on 7 February 2022, this scientific article

provides the necessary background to the inclusion of the ocean in COP26 outcomes, including the Glasgow Climate Pact, and examines key issues, impacts and shortfalls of the Pact and other COP26 outcomes, including mitigation, adaptation, finance and human rights. It concludes with suggestions for priority research areas moving forward. It highlights the vital link between the ocean and climate change, known as the ocean-climate nexus. It emphasizes the urgent need to address how climate change impacts the ocean’s health and, in turn, affects human rights. The article emphasizes the importance of understanding this connection, and of implementing measures to protect the ocean to ensure a sustainable future for all. Moving forward, there is an opportunity to advance legal, inter- and transdisciplinary research on the ocean-climate nexus. Much research is still to be done to support the urgent consideration of the interdependencies of human rights, the climate and the ocean across scales in several international processes and fora.

The article is published open access in the International Journal of Maritime and Coastal Law. It should be cited as:

Lennan, M., & Morgera, E. (2022). The Glasgow Climate Conference (COP26), International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 37(1), 137-151. doi: